Cairn 485m WSW of Colquite Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011789

Date first listed: 04-Sep-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cairn 485m WSW of Colquite Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Neot

National Grid Reference: SX 15728 73589

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The quality and diversity of the evidence is such that the Moor has become the subject of detailed archaeological survey and hence it forms one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. Of particular note are the extensive relict landscapes of Prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date. Together these provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest Prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round funerary cairns were constructed during the Bronze Age (c.2500-700 BC) and consisted of mounds of stone, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. Often occupying prominent locations they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. The considerable variation in the size and form of cairns and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation among early Prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. This cairn is well preserved, has not been excavated or otherwise disturbed and is a member of a small group of cairns. Its importance is also enhanced by its close spatial and broadly contemporary association with the large and well-preserved settlement site and field system on the S and SW slopes of the Blacktor Downs.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument comprises a small, simple cairn, part of the Blacktor Downs cairn group. It survives as a low circular cairn, 7m in diameter and 0.5m high, whose convex surface has an unbroken turf and heath cover. The cairn shows no evidence for any disturbance and has not been subject to any recorded excavation. This is one of five cairns in the Blacktor Downs cairn group, which lie 12-42m apart on the summit plateau, near the middle of Bodmin Moor. The cairn group lies above a large unenclosed hut circle settlement on the S slope of the Blacktor Downs, and its associated field system on the SW slope.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15033

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Trahair, J E R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in A survey of cairns on Bodmin Moor, , Vol. 17, (1978), 3-24
Other
1/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1769,
consulted 1/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1769.4,
consulted 1/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1843,
Consulted 1991, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 Air Photo Transcription; SX 1573, (1991)

End of official listing