Round cairn 165m south-west of Tresellern Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011866

Date first listed: 13-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 165m south-west of Tresellern Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 23484 76784

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

This round cairn near Tresellern Farm has survived substantially intact despite the limited, well-defined actions of recent stone robbers and, as such, it will retain many of its original features including burial deposits. The presence of a large central slab-built structure is unusual. The proximity of this cairn to broadly contemporary settlement sites demonstrates well the organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Prehistoric round cairn situated near broadly contemporary settlement sites on the summit of a spur projecting south-east from East Moor on eastern Bodmin Moor. The round cairn survives as a turf-covered circular mound of heaped rubble, 17m in diameter and up to 1m high, with a flattened top. Relatively recent stone-robbing has produced a hollow, 11m in diameter and 0.7m deep, focussed slightly north-west of the mound's centre. The base of the hollow reveals several large stone slabs, up to 1.5m long, firmly embedded in the mound's rubble content and considered to be the collapsed remains of the cairn's central structure. A quantity of large boulders, up to 2m long and deriving from recent stone clearance in the vicinity, have been loosely heaped onto the north-west periphery of the cairn, some spilling down into the central hollow.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15182

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Trahair, J E R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in A survey of cairns on Bodmin Moor, , Vol. 17, (1978), 3-24
Other
consulted 2/1992, Carter, A (RCHME), 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2376,
consulted 2/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1011,
consulted 2/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1061,
consulted 2/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1066,
consulted 2/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1079,
consulted 2/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1080,
Consulted 3/1992, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2276; SX 2376 & SX 2377,
Consulted 3/1992, Cornwall SMR entries for PRN 1082 & 1084,
Consulted 3/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1084,

End of official listing