Linear earthwork south east of the junction of the A171 and the road leading to Fylingthorpe

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011971

Date first listed: 15-Nov-1934

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Aug-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Linear earthwork south east of the junction of the A171 and the road leading to Fylingthorpe
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: LCPs of Fylingdales and Hawsker-cum-Stainsacre

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: NZ 92267 04513

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cross dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day and hence all well- preserved examples are considered to be of national importance.

The linear earthwork south east of the junction of the A171 and the road leading to Fylingthorpe survives well for its short length. The banks and ditches are well defined and the surrounding heathland affords protection against erosion by beasts or the tread of walkers.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a section of linear earthwork running south east of the junction of the A171 and the road leading to Fylingthorpe. The earthwork consists of four banks with ditches in between. The banks are, on average, 4m wide at the base and stand 0.5m high. The ditches are 3m wide and average 1m deep. Each ditch has a `V' section. The whole monument is 24m wide. It runs for 70m from the edge of the road verge and is interrupted on the south side by a trackway and an expanse of marshy ground. The surface of the road to the north of the earthwork is not included in the scheduling but the ground beneath it is.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25669

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing