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A section of a linear earthwork south west of Great Litchfield Down

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: A section of a linear earthwork south west of Great Litchfield Down

List entry Number: 1012039

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Basingstoke and Deane

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Burghclere

County: Hampshire

District: Basingstoke and Deane

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Litchfield and Woodcott

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Nov-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25617

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying between less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age; all well preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

Much of the archaeological landscape of the downs around Ladle Hill is preserved as earthworks or crop- or soil-marks, which together will provide a detailed understanding of the nature and development of agriculture and settlement on the north Hampshire downs. The linear earthwork south west of Great Litchfield Down forms part of the wider distribution of monuments of Bronze Age and later date on the downs. The earthwork will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the construction and use of the monument.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a section of an upstanding linear earthwork south west of Great Litchfield Down. Another section of this earthwork lies c.1.1km further to the north east and is the subject of a separate scheduling. Ascending the steep north side of a dry valley, the earthwork curves from south to NNE towards the scarp at the western edge of Great Litchfield Down, a distance of c.402m. The earthwork has been levelled and infilled by cultivation to the north and there is no known evidence that it extended beyond the dry valley to the south. The feature, which consists of a bank to the west of a ditch, has a maximum overall width of 9.5m. The bank rises to a maximum height of 0.4m above the surrounding ground surface and the ditch has a maximum depth of 0.6m. All fencing and associated posts are excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SU 46596 55386

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012039 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 10:53:58.

End of official listing