Two bowl barrows north of Rowbury Lane


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012191

Date first listed: 04-Jun-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Sep-1991


Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows north of Rowbury Lane
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Market Lavington

National Grid Reference: ST 99963 56445


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 bc. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Their ubiquity and their tendency to occupy prominent locations makes them a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation of the southern barrow mound and cultivation of the Rowbury Lane monument over several years, much of it remains intact and therefore has significant potential for the recovery of archaeological remains.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes two large bowl barrows, separated by a distance of c.25m, in an area of level ground. The southern barrow mound is 42m in diameter and stands to a height of 1m. Partial excavation of the site produced a cremation burial set in an upright urn, two further (later) cremations, a flint knife and Bronze Age pottery. The northern mound is 50m across and c.1m high. Both barrow mounds are surrounded by ditches from which material was quarried during construction of the monument. These are no longer visible at ground level but survive as buried features up to 5m across.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12215

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine Volume 43, , Vol. 43, (), 396-7
Wilts SMR,

End of official listing