One of a number of cairns at Black Pool
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1012241
Date first listed: 29-Oct-1991
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: South Hams (District Authority)
National Park: DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference: SX 65393 58112
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. This cairn, along with its three near neighbours, occupies a position by a waterhole on the lower ground between two hills. Its relationship, and that of its near neighbours, to monuments of the same type, the cairn groups on Butterdon Hill and Western Beacon in particular, indicates the wealth of evidence relating to the ritual side of prehistoric life on this part of the Moor.
Many examples of prehistoric funerary monuments are preserved on Dartmoor,
mostly dating to the Bronze Age (c.2500-500 BC). To celebrate or commemorate
the dead, mounds of earth or stone were piled in a roughly hemispherical
shape over the burial, which was sometimes contained in a small rectangular
structure, or cist, made of stone slabs. Some monuments also include
kerbstones marking the outer edge of the mound and a surrounding ditch.
This is one of four cairns at the waterhole of Black Pool, in the valley
between Butterdon Hill and Western Beacon. This large cairn lies west of
Black Pool. It is oval in shape, 16m long by 12m cross and 0.6m high and
is constructed of stone and earth, now largely turf covered, with a hollow
in the centre suggesting that it may have been disturbed in the past.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 10606
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings' in Dartmoor Barrows, , Vol. 36, (1978)
Devon County SMR (SX 65 NE 004),
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing