Bowl barrow 50m north of Barrow Farm
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1012262
Date first listed: 23-Mar-1927
Date of most recent amendment: 27-Jun-1991
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference: SU 16493 69124, SU 16494 69124
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite cultivation of much of the site over many years and partial excavation in 1906, part of the Barrow Farm monument remains intact and has potential for the recovery of archaeological evidence for the nature and duration of use of the monument and the environment within which it was constructed. The significance of the monument is enhanced by the fact that numerous other barrow mounds survive in the area, as well as additional evidence for contemporary settlement. This illustrates the intensity with which the area was settled during the Bronze Age period.
The monument includes a bowl barrow set on a gentle south-facing slope in an
area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound survives as an earthwork
0.3m high and c.40m in diameter. Although no longer visible at ground level
a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument, surrounds the mound. This has filled in over the years and now
survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The site was partially excavated by
Cunnington in 1906 (see sources). Worked flints, believed to
be contemporary with the construction and use of the monument, are visible on
the cultivated surface of the mound.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 17/01/2013
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 12258
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, , Vol. 25, (1959)
'Antiquaries Journal' in Antiquaries Journal, , Vol. 5, ()
PastScape: Manton Barrow, accessed from http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=220499
Wiltshire and Swindon Sites and Monument Record, accessed from http://history.wiltshire.gov.uk/smr/getsmr.php?id=13937
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing