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Two bowl barrows 700m east of Tolsford Plantation on Tolsford Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows 700m east of Tolsford Plantation on Tolsford Hill

List entry Number: 1012271

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Shepway

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Newington

County: Kent

District: Shepway

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Saltwood

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Oct-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Feb-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12807

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the monument has been disturbed in the course of military training, both barrows are considered to retain significant archaeological potential. They also form part of a cluster of similar monuments on Tolsford Hill which together show the importance of the locality for burial in the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a pair of closely-spaced burial mounds or barrows, each with an encircling ditch. The more easterly of the two mounds is 17m in diameter and survives to a height of 1.4m. On the east side of the mound is a hollow area 2.5m across which is the most easily visible segment of the surrounding ditch which continues around the entire mound. Some 20m west of the eastern example are the disturbed remains of the second barrow. The mound of this western example has been damaged by mortar-fire when the hill crest was used for live firing. The surviving upstanding area is some 10m by 7m in size and stands to a height of around 1m. This represents about one-third of the original extent of the barrow mound. The ditch surrounding the mound, however, survives to a much greater extent, although its course is difficult to trace owing to the undulations caused by the mortar rounds. The overall diameter of the monument is 56m by 21m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Spurrell, F, 'Arch Journal' in Arch Journal, , Vol. 40, (1883), 292
Other
Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Bowl barrows, 1988,

National Grid Reference: TR 15904 38341

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012271 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 07:30:07.

End of official listing