Disc barrow 700m north-east of Sevenbarrows House: part of the Seven Barrows cemetery
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 26-May-2019 at 04:33:04.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Vale of White Horse (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 32844 83506
Reasons for Designation
Disc barrows, the most fragile type of round barrow, are funerary monuments of
the Early Bronze Age, with most examples dating to the period 1400-1200 BC.
They occur either in isolation or in barrow cemeteries (closely-spaced groups
of round barrows). Disc barrows were constructed as a circular or oval area of
level ground defined by a bank and internal ditch and containing one or more
centrally or eccentrically located small, low mounds covering burials, usually
in pits. The burials, normally cremations, are frequently accompanied by
pottery vessels, tools and personal ornaments. It has been suggested that disc
barrows were normally used for the burial of women, although this remains
unproven. However, it is likely that the individuals buried were of high
status. Disc barrows are rare nationally, with about 250 known examples, most
of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides
important evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst prehistoric
communities over a wide area of southern England as well as providing an
insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare and
fragile form of round barrow, all identified disc barrows would normally be
considered to be of national importance.
The disc barrow 700m north-east of Sevenbarrows House is important as, despite cultivation of the site, important components of the monument still survive below ground, in particular the ditch deposits and the old ground surface. Both can provide important archaeological evidence relating to the date and function of the monument as well as environmental data relating to the period in which the monument was constructed. The importance of the site is considerably enhanced by the inclusion of the monument within the `Seven Barrows' cemetery. Such groups of barrows give an indication of the intensity with which areas were occupied during perhistory and provide evidence for the range of beliefs and nature of organisation within Bronze Age society.
The monument includes a disc barrow set on a gentle south-facing slope in an
area of gently undulating chalk downland. Although no longer visible as an
earthwork, the ditch and old ground surface which lay beneath the barrow
mound are believed to survive as buried features while the ditch is visible
as a soil mark from the air. The monument originallly had a diameter of c.40m
and comprised an outer ditch and a level berm surrounding the central
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing