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Upper Barn moat

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Upper Barn moat

List entry Number: 1012455

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Shropshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Wistanstow

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Sep-1954

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Nov-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13685

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Upper Barn moat is a good example of an isolated moated site reflecting the rise in wealth of the area after wholesale woodland clearance in the later medieval period. The site is essentially undisturbed and will retain considerable potential for both archaeological and environmental evidence.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Upper Barn moat lies 1km to the north-west of Wistanstow. The site is situated in an elevated position on a south-east facing slope overlooking the village. The site is almost square and covers an area measuring 78m x 80m. The moat island is surrounded by a flat-bottomed ditch 2.5m deep and 10m wide. This ditch is waterlogged and fed by a stream which enters the site on the north-western corner and runs out through a modern gap in the bank on the south-eastern corner of the moat. The moat island stands 1m above the surrounding land surface and the uneven interior suggests the presence of buried structures. A causewayed entrance 3m wide crosses the moat ditch in the north-western corner and gives access to the interior. There is an outer bank, 6m wide and 1.5m high, on the south and east sides of the moat ditch and traces of remains of an outer bank on the west side. Upper Barn is a medieval homestead moat which is isolated from any contemporaneous settlement. The location may be attributed to woodland clearance, or assarting, which provided additional agricultural land during a period of intensive agricultural expansion in the area.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Watson, M D, 'West Midlands Archaeology' in Medieval Moated Sites in Shropshire, , Vol. 24, (1981), 35-44

National Grid Reference: SO 42169 86095

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012455 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 06:38:18.

End of official listing