Long Barrow 800m north-west of Paradise
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 14-Oct-2019 at 13:53:43.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- New Forest (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 07907 21889
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.
The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most important concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. This example is regarded as important as, despite some damage, it survives comparatively well and, with no evidence of formal excavation, the site has considerable archaeological potential.
The monument includes a long barrow surviving as a low earthwork in an arable
field and situated on an exposed hilltop. The barrow mound is orientated ENE-
WSW and tapers in plan with the broader end facing east. It has been partly
disturbed by the construction of a reservoir at its centre. The mound has
maximum dimensions of 56m long by 20m wide at the east end and 8.5m wide at
the west end. It stands to a maximum height of 0.5m. Flanking quarry ditches
run parallel to the mound on the north and south sides. These show as areas
of dark earth and survive to a width of between 5 and 7.5m.
The area of the reservoir and pipeline, both above and below ground, is
excluded from the monument.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)
Schofield, A J, (1989)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing