Two bowl barrows in the Bishop of Winchester's Purlieu


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012581

Date first listed: 09-Sep-1992


Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows in the Bishop of Winchester's Purlieu
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest (District Authority)

Parish: Denny Lodge

National Park: NEW FOREST

National Grid Reference: SU 35213 04675


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the two bowl barrows in the Bishop of Winchester's Purlieu survive well. They lie adjacent to a heavily waterlogged area which makes it likely that environmental evidence may survive relating both to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Furthermore, the monument survives within the New Forest, an area known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


This monument includes two bowl barrows and a short length of field boundary situated on a ridge of high ground within the Bishop of Winchester's Purlieu. The northern barrow mound measures 10m in diameter and stands up to 0.65m high. A shallow hollow in the mound centre suggests previous robbing or partial early excavation. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a ring of enhanced heather growth 3m wide. The second mound is situated 12m to the south-east and measures 14m in diameter and stands up to 0.9m high. The ditch survives as a 1.7m wide and 0.4m deep earthwork on all sides except to the south where it is obscured by a later field boundary which abuts the mound. The overall diameter of the northern barrow is 16m. The overall diameter of the southern barrow is 17.4m. This monument lies within a relict field system. It consists of one area containing the two barrows.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20249

Legacy System: RSM


Darvill, T C, Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), 1988,
Hampshire County Planning Department, SU30SE5A,
Hampshire County Planning Department, SU30SE5B,

End of official listing