Ring cairn on Gayles Moor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012598

Date first listed: 21-Aug-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Ring cairn on Gayles Moor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Richmondshire (District Authority)

Parish: Ravensworth

National Grid Reference: NZ 11850 05829

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples. Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form, all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological deposits are considered worthy of preservation.

This is a well defined and preserved example of the monument type.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The ring cairn is situated on a low knoll on open heather moorland overlooking the lower reaches of Teesdale. This well defined and preserved monument includes a stone bank 0.3m high and 2m wide and a diameter of 8m. Within the immediate vicinity of the ring cairn are cup and ring marked stones which are the subject of separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24549

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Laurie, T, (1994)

End of official listing