Bell barrow 50m south of Gunsite

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012634

Date first listed: 12-Mar-1953

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Apr-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bell barrow 50m south of Gunsite
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: East Hampshire (District Authority)

Parish: Selborne

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 78469 33588

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows (particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

Despite localised damage caused by the later gun emplacement, the barrow survives comparatively well. There is no evidence for formal excavation of the Gunsite monument and the site has considerable archaeological potential.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow set on a small promontory above a gentle west-facing slope. The barrow mound has a diameter of 30m and is 1.5m high. Surrounding the mound is a berm 3m wide and an outer bank 3m across and between 0.5 and 1m high. A concrete gun-emplacement has been constructed on top of the barrow mound causing some disturbance. This is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12152

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing