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Bowl barrow and part of a later enclosure 490m north east of sea mark, the barrow forming part of a Bronze Age round barrow cemetery on Ashey Down

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow and part of a later enclosure 490m north east of sea mark, the barrow forming part of a Bronze Age round barrow cemetery on Ashey Down

List entry Number: 1012754

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Isle of Wight

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Havenstreet and Ashey

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Oct-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 20-Nov-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22056

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the bowl barrow 490m north east of the sea mark is integral to the Ashey Down cemetery. The barrow and the section of enclosure boundary will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monuments on Ashey Down and the landscape in which they were constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, and part of a later enclosure, on the mid-slope of a north east facing hillside on the central upper chalk ridge of the Isle of Wight. The barrow forms part of a wider cemetery on Ashey Down which includes 19 barrows. The barrow has a mound which measures 25m in diameter and is 1m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This ditch has become infilled over the years and can no longer be seen at ground level, but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The barrow has a central depression 9m in diameter and 0.2m deep indicative of antiquarian investigation. The short section of enclosure boundary is 28m long running in a north east- south west direction and part of it overlies the south east side of the barrow. The boundary includes a bank 0.5m high and internal ditch, 0.5m wide and 0.3m deep, forming part of a large enclosure covering c.1.4ha. Drewett, who surveyed this part of Ashey Down in 1969, considered the enclosure to be medieval in date.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Drewett, P L, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, , Vol. 27, (1970), 56
Drewett, P L, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, , Vol. 27, (1970), 55
Drewett, P L, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, , Vol. 27, (1970), 55-56
Grinsell, , Sherwin, , 'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Procedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc, , Vol. 3, (1940), 208-209

National Grid Reference: SZ 57903 87779

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012754 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 11:18:59.

End of official listing