Bowl barrow 30m south of Burrough Close
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1012787
Date first listed: 20-Feb-1995
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Basingstoke and Deane (District Authority)
Parish: Mapledurwell and Up Nately
National Grid Reference: SU 69089 52080
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The barrow 30m south of Burrough Close is a particularly important bowl barrow. It survives well, appears to be unexcavated and is a particularly large example of this class of monument in an area where round barrows are comparatively rare. The waterlogged valley bottom a few hundred metres to the west may preserve important evidence for the historic environment.
The monument comprises a large and well preserved bowl barrow 30m south of
Burrough Close. The barrow is situated on a clay-with-flints capped ridge
overlooking the Lyde River to the west. The barrow mound is 34m in diameter
east-west and 32m north-south. It survives to a height of 1.7m. The top of
the mound has been slightly disturbed, probably as a result of tree collapse,
but the barrow does not appear to have been excavated. No evidence for a
surrounding ditch is apparent except perhaps 3m to the south east of the
barrow where traces of a curving ditch are engulfed by a modern boundary ditch
running south of the barrow. To the west the ground drops away from the
barrow without visible evidence for a ditch. To the north and the east,
garden landscaping and a shallow hollow way running north-south will have
obscured or truncated any ditch. Some flintwork has been recovered from the
site of the barrow.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 3 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 27927
Legacy System: RSM
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing