Medieval moated site and associated earthworks, Pound Piece, Manxey


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012793

Date first listed: 05-Feb-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Jul-1990


Ordnance survey map of Medieval moated site and associated earthworks, Pound Piece, Manxey
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden (District Authority)

Parish: Pevensey

National Grid Reference: TQ 65145 07057


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Pound Piece survives well and displays a broad diversity of component parts such as the outer bank, the fishpond, the approach lane and additional enclosures as well as the moat and its island. It is also of high archaeological potential, not having been disturbed by more recent building.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


This site lies on slightly elevated ground above the Manxey Level. The remains include a moated site, fishpond and hollow way. The rectangular moat 85m by 60m encloses an island where buildings would have been located. The site has an additional outer moat on three sides. To the west of the moat lies a fishpond, while earthworks to the north indicate the likely original access route to the monument in the form of an hollow way. Moated sites are generally seen as the prestigious residences of the Lords of the manor. The moat marked the high status of the occupier, but also served to deter casual raiders and wild animals. Most moats were constructed in the period around 1300 AD, and it is to this period that the example at Pound Piece is likely to date. The undulating nature of the western part of the island strongly suggests that foundations of the original buildings lie in this area. The fishpond on the west side is linked to the moat by a leat, the water flowing on into the moat probably being controlled by a sluice. The hollow way leading to the site from the north-west passes the boundaries of other enclosures and abuts the outer moat at a point where the remains of a bridge onto the island may be expected. Part of the outer moat at its north-east corner has been incorporated into the more recent drainage system. The modern drainage ditches in all cases lie outside the scheduled area. The upstanding remains of the sheepfolds within the constraint area are excluded from the scheduling along with existing fencing.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12743

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
'Medieval Archaeology' in Medieval Britain in 1961, , Vol. 6/7, (1963)
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
TQ 60 NE 3,

End of official listing