Two bowl barrows 120m north-west of Texas


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012796

Date first listed: 29-Mar-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Apr-1991


Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 120m north-west of Texas
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Jan-2019 at 18:40:13.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester (District Authority)

Parish: Olivers Battery

National Grid Reference: SU 45588 26999


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation of one of the barrows, much of the Texas site remains intact and survives well. It therefore has considerable archaeological potential.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned NE-SW and set on a ridge-top at the western end of Compton Down. The northern barrow mound is 26m in diameter and survives to a height of 2.5m. A broad ditch, c.7m wide and 0.2m deep, is visible both as an earthwork and an area of darker soil to the east of the mound. A trench cut east-west across the centre of the mound suggests the site may once have been partially excavated. A second barrow mound is situated some 15m to the south. It survives to a height of 1m and a maximum diameter of 19m. A ditch surrounding the barrow is no longer visible at ground level but survives as a buried feature. Worked flints, likely to be contemporary with the construction of the barrow, are visible both on the surface of the mounds and in the area of the ditches.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12145

Legacy System: RSM


Worked flints - 16 Feb 1990, Schofield A J, 16 Feb 1990 - worked flints,

End of official listing