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Motte castle 50m north of Village Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Motte castle 50m north of Village Farm

List entry Number: 1012861

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Shropshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Worthen with Shelve

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Mar-1969

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Jul-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 19194

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Motte castles are medieval fortifications introduced into Britain by the Normans. They comprised a large conical mound of earth or rubble, the motte, surmounted by a palisade and a stone or timber tower. In a majority of examples an embanked enclosure containing additional buildings, the bailey, adjoined the motte. Motte castles and motte-and-bai1ey castles acted as garrison forts during offensive military operations, as strongholds, and, in many cases, as aristocratic residences and as centres of local or royal administration. Built in towns, villages and open countryside, motte castles generally occupied strategic positions dominating their immediate locality and, as a result, are the most visually impressive monuments of the early post-Conquest period surviving in the modern landscape. Over 600 motte castles and motte-and-bailey castles are recorded nationally, with examples known from most regions. Some 100-150 examples do not have baileys and are classified as motte castles. As one of a restricted range of recognised early post-Conquest monuments, they are particularly important for the study of Norman Britain and the development of the feudal system. Although many were occupied for only a short period of time, motte castles continued to be built and occupied from the 11th to the 13th centuries, after which they were superseded by other types of castle.

The motte castle 50m north of Village Farm, Worthen survives well and is a good example of its class. It will retain archaeological information relating to the materials and techniques used in its construction and to the date and nature of its occupation. Environmental information relating to the landscape in which it was constructed will be preserved sealed on the old land surface within the motte and in the ditch fill. Such motte castles provide valuable information concerning the settlement pattern and social organisation of the countryside during the medieval period. Worthen motte is one of a series of small motte castles strategically positioned to control side valleys on the south side of the main valley pass between Shrewsbury and Montgomery. Considered as a group each contributes important information concerning the medieval management of this important routeway between England and Wales.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a motte castle situated at the north end of a steep ridge of high ground formed between tributaries of the Rea Brook. The position of the motte has been chosen for its strategic strength overlooking the valley routeway from Shrewsbury to Montgomery which lies to the north. It includes a circular motte with a base diameter of 21m standing to a height of 4m. Where exposed the interior fabric of the motte appears to be natural rock, suggesting that an existing rock outcrop has been used as the basis for the motte. The summit of the mound has been eroded to a slightly rounded profile and has a plan diameter of 9m. The remains of a surrounding ditch are visible around the north east, west and south west sides of the motte; it averages 4m in width and 1m deep.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SJ 32025 02303

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 07:04:38.

End of official listing