Long barrow south-west of Vernditch Chase

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012945

Date first listed: 21-Apr-1977

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Jan-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Long barrow south-west of Vernditch Chase
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Broad Chalke

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest (District Authority)

Parish: Martin

National Grid Reference: SU 03555 20420

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. The Vernditch Chase example is particularly important as it survives well and is one of several long barrows in the immediate area. Such clusters are of great significance as they give an indication of the intensity with which areas were settled during the Neolithic period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow set below the crest of a gentle south- facing slope in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound is ovoid in plan and orientated SE-NW. It survives to a length of 36m, is 25m wide and 2m high. It is flanked by ditches, from which mound material was quarried, to the east and west. These survive to a depth of 0.4m and are 7.5m wide on the west side, 5m wide on the east. The bank and ditch constructed to mark the post-1865 county boundary have partly obscured the outer edge of the NE ditch.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12083

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)

End of official listing