Two bowl barrows 200m east of Twyford Pumping Station
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1012978
Date first listed: 19-Jan-1962
Date of most recent amendment: 17-Dec-1990
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Winchester (District Authority)
National Park: SOUTH DOWNS
National Grid Reference: SU 49491 24962
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite partial excavation of both barrow mounds, much of the monument remains intact and therefore has considerable archaeological potential.
The monument includes two large bowl barrows set in a dry valley and aligned
east-west. A distance of 15m separates the two barrow mounds. The western
mound has a maximum diameter of c.35m and stands to a height of 3m when viewed
from ground level on the north side. The eastern barrow mound is 32m across
and 1m high. Both have shallow circular depressions on the mound suggesting
partial excavation, probably in the 19th century. Ditches, surviving as
buried features, surround both barrow mounds to a width of c.4m.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 12138
Legacy System: RSM
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing