Two bowl barrows 200m east of Twyford Pumping Station


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012978

Date first listed: 19-Jan-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Dec-1990


Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 200m east of Twyford Pumping Station
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester (District Authority)

Parish: Twyford

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 49491 24962

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation of both barrow mounds, much of the monument remains intact and therefore has considerable archaeological potential.


The monument includes two large bowl barrows set in a dry valley and aligned east-west. A distance of 15m separates the two barrow mounds. The western mound has a maximum diameter of c.35m and stands to a height of 3m when viewed from ground level on the north side. The eastern barrow mound is 32m across and 1m high. Both have shallow circular depressions on the mound suggesting partial excavation, probably in the 19th century. Ditches, surviving as buried features, surround both barrow mounds to a width of c.4m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12138

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing