Moated site and associated earthworks south-west of Home Wood


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013025

Date first listed: 19-Jun-1978

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Mar-1991


Ordnance survey map of Moated site and associated earthworks south-west of Home Wood
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hertfordshire

District: East Hertfordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Eastwick

National Grid Reference: TL 43293 12464


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The Eastwick rectangular moat is a fine example of a single island site, surviving in very good condition and associated with a hollow-way, pond, and external house platforms. Limited excavation has confirmed the cluster of occupation of the enclosure and demonstrated the presence of internal buildings. The moat is one of a pair of well-preserved moats at Eastwick, the other is located some 150 m. to the west on the other side of the valley.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the remains of a medieval moated enclosure. The enclosure is rectangular in shape and measures 100m. by 70m. It is surrounded by a dry moat which is some 6m. across and is visible on all but the south side where there is a scarp. A low bank runs along the outer edge of the east moat arm and there is a silted up pond near the SW corner of the moat. There is a rectangular platform in the southern part of the moat island and limited excavations carried out in the SE corner in the 1940's revealed part of the remains of a substantial building believed to be the remains of Eastwick Hall. A hollow-way running parallel with the southern arm of the moat extends for about 100m. At least three house platforms visible on either side of the hollow-way belong to an ancillary settlement believed to be broadly contemporary with the moat.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 11519

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
'TEHAS' in Re: Excavations At Moated Site South West Of Home Wood, (1940), 286

End of official listing