Bowl barrow 800m south of Hemp Knoll

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013026

Date first listed: 16-Jul-1956

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Jan-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 800m south of Hemp Knoll
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bishops Cannings

National Grid Reference: SU 07105 66179

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation, much of the bowl barrow south of Hemp Knoll remains intact and has significant archaeological potential. The presence of numerous other barrows and additional evidence for contemporary settlement in the area of Bishop's Cannings Down provide a clear indication of the intensity with which the area was settled during the Bronze Age, further enhancing the importance of the monument.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set below the crest of a gentle east- facing slope in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound stands to a height of 0.5m and has a diameter of 23m. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material for the mound was quarried. This survives as a low earthwork 2m wide and 0.2m deep on the south side of the mound, and as a buried feature elsewhere. The site was partially excavated between 1855 and 1859 revealing a cremation burial within the mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12172

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, , Vol. 49, (1958)

End of official listing