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Bowl barrow 250m south of Martin's Clump

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 250m south of Martin's Clump

List entry Number: 1013063

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Over Wallop

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Feb-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 27-Nov-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12136

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

There is no evidence for formal excavation of the monument and the site has considerable archaeological potential. This is enhanced by its close proximity to other monuments within the immediate area. Late Neolithic flint mines as well as an oval barrow and adjacent bowl barrow suggest that the area may be important in understanding the transition between Neolithic and Bronze Age. This monument is an integral part of that landscape and its archaeological importance is therefore considerable.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a small bowl barrow set on a gentle south-east facing slope and surviving as a low grass-covered earthwork. The barrow mound has a diameter of c.15m and is 1m high when viewed from the downhill side. A ditch c.3m wide surrounding the barrow mound survives as a buried feature. Other barrows in the immediate area include a Neolithic long barrow and adjacent bowl barrow 75m to the south-east. All are situated in an area of Neolithic flint mines.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SU 24981 38522

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013063 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2017 at 08:45:13.

End of official listing