Bowl barrow 250m south of Martin's Clump

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013063

Date first listed: 24-Feb-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 27-Nov-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 250m south of Martin's Clump
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley (District Authority)

Parish: Over Wallop

National Grid Reference: SU 24981 38522

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

There is no evidence for formal excavation of the monument and the site has considerable archaeological potential. This is enhanced by its close proximity to other monuments within the immediate area. Late Neolithic flint mines as well as an oval barrow and adjacent bowl barrow suggest that the area may be important in understanding the transition between Neolithic and Bronze Age. This monument is an integral part of that landscape and its archaeological importance is therefore considerable.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a small bowl barrow set on a gentle south-east facing slope and surviving as a low grass-covered earthwork. The barrow mound has a diameter of c.15m and is 1m high when viewed from the downhill side. A ditch c.3m wide surrounding the barrow mound survives as a buried feature. Other barrows in the immediate area include a Neolithic long barrow and adjacent bowl barrow 75m to the south-east. All are situated in an area of Neolithic flint mines.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12136

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing