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Moated site 400m east of Penleigh House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site 400m east of Penleigh House

List entry Number: 1013083

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Westbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Apr-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 27-Mar-1990

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12038

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known, relatively few survive in Wiltshire. This example is particularly important as it survives well, has historical connections and displays a good range of features. There is also high potential for the survival of archaeological remains and palaeoenvironmental evidence.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a rectangular moated site 400m east of Penleigh House. It survives as a partly waterlogged site located on flat low lying ground. It is aligned north-south with a single causeway at the west end of the southern arm. The interior platform measures 50m square and is raised slightly above the level of surrounding land. The site has maximum external dimensions of 75m square including a moat 15-20m wide and up to 2m deep. The site survives in an area of ridge and furrow and probably represents the site of the original Penleigh manor house.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
CPE/UK/1821/1197,
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

National Grid Reference: ST 86057 50899

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013083 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 04:26:05.

End of official listing