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Moated site on the West Wiltshire Industrial Estate

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site on the West Wiltshire Industrial Estate

List entry Number: 1013102

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Heywood

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-Sep-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Mar-1990

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12048

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known, relatively few survive in Wiltshire. This example is particularly important as it survives well, has high potential for the survival of archaeological and organic remains and displays a good range of features including a building platform.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a trapezoidal moated site on the West Wiltshire Trading Estate. It survives as a roughly rectangular enclosure aligned NW-SE and with maximum external dimensions of c.100m square. On the north-east side the island is surrounded by a ditch 10m wide and 0.9m deep, now virtually dry. There is a slight bank around the perimeter of the island which has overall dimensions of 60m by 50m. The island also contains a well-defined building platform. The original entrance appears to be in the centre of the south-east side. On the south-west side the interior bank is 8m wide and 1m high and the moat 17m wide and 1.7m deep. Outside this is a counterscarp bank 9m wide and 0.7m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

National Grid Reference: ST 85677 52863

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013102 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 05:53:52.

End of official listing