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Medieval moated site, Silver Wood, Pivington

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Medieval moated site, Silver Wood, Pivington

List entry Number: 1013121

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Ashford

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Pluckley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Jul-1990

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12719

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The site at Pivinton is of particular importance because it has a high level of historical and archaeological documentation. Excavations in 1955 revealed the long time span over which the site had been used, and established an outline of the development of the site. The undisturbed archaeological remains, especially the waterlogged remains which are likely to have survived in the silted-up moat, are potentially capable of expanding greatly the understanding of the use and development of this atypical form of moat.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The site lies some 400m east of the present Pivington Farmhouse and comprises a roughly pentagonal moat enclosing an irregular island which features a markedly raised platform away from the lower north-east side. On the island are visible the foundation walls of buildings dated to the earlier 16th century by excavation in 1955. Moated sites are generally seen as the prestigious residences of the Lords of the Manor. The moat not only marked the high status of the occupier but also served to deter casual raiders and wild animals. In addition to the moat, a fishpond may be represented at the site by an extension of the moat at the south-west corner. It is at this point that the spring which fed the moat entered and a fishpond, separated from the moat proper by a sluice, is common at this location. Excavation showed that the site originated in the mid-13th century and it continued in use until the later 17th century, when it was abandoned. It co- existed with the main manor house (now the farmhouse) at Pivington which was rebuilt in the mid-17th century and is still in use today.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Rigold, S E, Excavation Of A Moated Site At Pivington, (1963)
Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)

National Grid Reference: TQ 92153 46525

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013121 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 12:22:00.

End of official listing