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Long barrow 450m south-west of Down Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long barrow 450m south-west of Down Farm

List entry Number: 1013129

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Nether Wallop

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-May-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Feb-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12081

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. The Down Farm barrow is particularly important as it survives well and appears as one of a group of three in the immediate area. Such clusters give an indication of the intensity with which areas were settled during the Neolithic period, a period for which little evidence for settlement survives.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow set in an area of undulating chalk downland 500m north-west of Danebury hillfort. The mound is orientated east- west and tapers in plan with the broader end to the east. It is 64m long and, at the eastern end, stands to a height of 1.3m. The mound is 16m wide and separated by a berm 3m wide from flanking ditches. These provided material for the construction of the mound and measure 15m wide and 0.5m deep. Both are visible as earthworks running the entire length of the mound. A sherd of Neolithic pottery has been found in the east end of the northern ditch. This appears as one of three long barrows in the immediate area.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, (1939)

National Grid Reference: SU 31916 38291

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013129 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 07:36:50.

End of official listing