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Row Down round barrow cemetery

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Row Down round barrow cemetery

List entry Number: 1013132

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Denny Lodge

National Park: NEW FOREST

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Dec-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20312

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Row Down round barrow cemetery contains a significantly large number of small barrows and lies within the New Forest. The survival of so many small barrows within a cemetery is a particularly uncommon phenomenon in southern England. Although some of the mounds have been partially disturbed, all the barrows retain undisturbed remains and the cemetery as a whole has considerable archaeological potential. The New Forest region is known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation and a considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes six closely spaced bowl barrows situated on the brow of a west-facing slope overlooking King's Copse Inclosure. The eastern barrow and two of the western barrows have hollows in the centre of the mound suggesting previous partial excavation. These are probably the barrows recorded as having been opened in the mid-19th century and found to contain graves. Although no longer visible at ground level, four of the smaller barrows are surrounded by ditches from which material was quarried during the construction of the mounds. These have become infilled over the years and survive as buried features c.1m wide. From east to west the barrows can be described as follows: (SU 43030210) The barrow mound measures 9m in diameter and stands up to 0.6m high. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch which survives as a slight unsurveyable hollow. (SU 43020210) The barrow mound measures 4m in diameter and 0.3m high. (SU 43020211) The barrow mound measures 4.6m in diameter and 0.3m high. (SU 43010211) The barrow mound measures 5m in diameter and 0.3m high. (SU 43010210) The barrow mound measures 4.5m in diameter and 0.25m high. (SU 43000210) The barrow mound measures 4m in diameter and 0.6m high. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch which survives as a slight earthwork 1.2m wide and 0.2m on the eastern side of the mound and as a buried feature elsewhere.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Wise, J R, The New Forest, (1893), 211
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938), 362
Other
Hampshire County Planning Department, SU40SW44,

National Grid Reference: SU 43026 02110

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013132 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 02:51:12.

End of official listing