Bowl barrow 630m north of Hardley Bridge
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1013136
Date first listed: 11-Mar-1964
Date of most recent amendment: 10-Dec-1992
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: New Forest (District Authority)
Parish: Hythe and Dibden
National Grid Reference: SU 41978 05433
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite evidence for partial excavation and disturbance as a result of road construction, the bowl barrow 630m north of Hardley Bridge survives comparatively well within the New Forest, an area known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.
This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on lowland heathland overlooking
Buttsash. The barrow mound measures 29m in diameter and stands up to 2.2m
high. The south-western side of the barrow mound has seen limited disturbance
as a result of road construction. A slight hollow in the centre of the mound
suggests previous robbing or partial excavation. Surrounding the mound is a
ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the barrow.
This has become partly infilled over the years but survives as a slight
earthwork c.2.5m wide and 0.5m deep on the eastern edge of the mound and as a
buried feature elsewhere.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 20267
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938), 360
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing