Three bowl barrows on Fitzhall Rough, 200m north-east of Fitzhall: part of Fitzhall Rough round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013180

Date first listed: 23-Oct-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows on Fitzhall Rough, 200m north-east of Fitzhall: part of Fitzhall Rough round barrow cemetery
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: Stedham with Iping

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 84987 21228

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation of one of the three bowl barrows, this part of the Fitzhall Rough round barrow cemetery survives well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes three bowl barrows, part of a linear bowl barrow cemetery situated on a Greensand ridge 3km to the north of the South Downs. The complete cemetery consists of 5 bowl barrows running in a line WSW-ENE. The barrows at the west end of the cemetery are closely grouped while the eastern two are more dispersed. The most westerly barrow consists of a central mound 22m in diameter and 1.8m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years and now survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The second barrow is 15m to the east and has a mound which measures 18m in diameter and 1.2m high. This is also surrounded by a ditch which survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. In the centre of the mound is a slight hollow which suggests that the barrow was once partially excavated. The third bowl barrow, a further 10m to the east, consists of a mound 20m in diameter and 1.2m high. Surrounding this is a ditch which survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20036

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Ordnance Survey, SU 82 SE 2, (1949)
Ordnance Survey, SU 82 SW 7, (1949)
SMR Ordnance Survey, SU 82 SE 2, (1970)

End of official listing