Long barrow 1km south of Larkwhistle Farm
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1013200
Date first listed: 08-Jun-1981
Date of most recent amendment: 19-Oct-1990
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Winchester (District Authority)
Parish: Headbourne Worthy
National Grid Reference: SU 45593 35269
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.
The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. This example is particularly important as it survives well and, with no evidence of formal excavation, has considerable archaeological potential.
The monument includes a long barrow situated in woodland and located
just below the crest of a gentle south-facing slope. The barrow mound
is rectangular in plan and orientated ENE-WSW. It is 60m long by 20m
wide and survives to a height of between 2 and 2.5m. Flanking quarry
ditches, separated from the north and south sides of the mound by a
narrow berm c.2m wide, survive to a depth of 0.1m and a width of c.5m.
The site was discovered during fieldwork in the late 1970s in advance
of building the A34 which runs close to the site.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 12093
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing