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Castle Hill earthwork

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Castle Hill earthwork

List entry Number: 1013290

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Isle of Wight

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Brighstone

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Jul-1933

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Sep-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22063

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the Iron Age a variety of different types of settlement were constructed and occupied in south-western England. At the top of the settlement hierarchy were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a group of smaller sites, known as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others in less prominent positions. They are generally smaller than the hillforts, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction. Univallate sites have a single bank and ditch, multivallate sites more than one. At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Where excavated, evidence of stone- or timber-built houses has been found within the enclosures, which, in contrast to the hillfort sites, would have been occupied by small communities, perhaps no more than a single family group. Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the settlement pattern, particularly in the upland areas of south-western England, and are integral to any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. All well-preserved examples are likely to be identified as nationally important.

The earthwork known as `Castle Hill' survives well and is the only site of this type known on the Isle of Wight.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes Castle Hill earthwork which has been interpreted as a Bronze Age or more likely Iron Age defended settlement. It lies on a hilltop on the south western part of the Isle of Wight with extensive views over the coastal plain and sea to the south, and the downs to the north. The earthwork is roughly square and aligned slightly north west to south east. It has an internal area c.55m long and c.58m wide enclosed by a bank c.5m wide and c.0.3m high. Beyond this is a ditch c.5.75m wide and 0.5m deep and an outer bank c.10m wide and c.0.5m high. The monument does not appear to survive beyond the field boundary on its east side. The post and wire fence which forms the eastern boundary is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SZ 40885 84081

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013290 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 11:57:39.

End of official listing