Section of Scots Dyke linear boundary 600m south east of Park House


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013305

Date first listed: 30-Oct-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Nov-1995


Ordnance survey map of Section of Scots Dyke linear boundary 600m south east of Park House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Jan-2019 at 20:58:04.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Richmondshire (District Authority)

Parish: Aldbrough

National Grid Reference: NZ 19560 10356


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Scots Dyke is a linear earthwork extending for 14km from the River Swale to the River Tees in North Yorkshire. Significant sections remain visible as upstanding earthworks and indicate that the dyke system had an earthen rampart flanked on the eastern side by a ditch. Where not preserved as an upstanding monument, the dyke is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs and elswhere often survives as a low bank beneath present field boundaries. It was constructed in the post Roman period and encloses an area in the eastern foothills of the Pennines between the two rivers. This area contained wealthy arable and pastoral land as well as some of the mineral resources of the northern Pennines. Linear earthworks were used to divide territory for military, social, economic and political purposes, often using natural features such as rivers and watersheds to define an area. Scots Dyke was built to consolidate territorial and economic units in response to changing political circumstances during the sixth and seventh centuries AD. These were brought about, at least in part, by the arrival of the Anglians in northern England. Fewer than 50 examples of linear earthworks of post Roman date have been identified in England. As a rare monument type of considerable importance to the study of early medieval territorial patterns, all surviving examples are identified as being of national importance. This section of Scots Dyke survives well and significant archaeological remains will be preserved which offer important information about the development of the landscape in the post Roman period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument is a section of linear earthwork known as Scots Dyke situated on level ground, to the south east of Park House. The dyke includes a well preserved bank and flanking ditch extending for 300m north to south. The bank varies from 5.5m to 8m wide and is up to 2.5m high, with the ditch lying to the east being 1.5m wide and up to 1.5m deep. At the northern end the line of the dyke continuing to the north can be identified in field boundaries but has been much altered by agricultural activity and is not included in the scheduling. However the dyke does continue as an earthwork 150m to the north where it is the subject of a separate scheduling. At the south end the dyke has been truncated by a large field drain and a trackway but continues again as an earthwork 20m to the south where it is the subject of a separate scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26953

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
McDonald, D A, Description and consideration of Scots Dyke, (1984)
Haselgrove, C, 'Rural Settlement in the Roman North' in Indigenous settlement patterns in the Tyne-Tees lowlands, (1982)
Maclaughlan, , 'Archaeological Journal' in Roman Roads Camps and Earthworks in the North Riding, , Vol. VOL 6, (1849)

End of official listing