Bowl barrow at Five Marys: an outlier to the Five Marys round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013342

Date first listed: 27-Feb-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow at Five Marys: an outlier to the Five Marys round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: Purbeck (District Authority)

Parish: Chaldon Herring

National Grid Reference: SY 79268 84188

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some reduction in its visible extent due to ploughing over the years, the barrow east of 'Five Marys' survives well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. This is one of numerous barrows surviving locally and, as such, adds to the understanding of Bronze Age settlement in the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated in a ridge top position overlooking Owermoigne and the marshes of Galton Heath to the north and the village of Chaldon Herring to the south. The barrow mound measures 14m in diameter and stands to c.1m high. A ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the barrow, surrounds the mound. This is no longer visible at ground level, having become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.2.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21909

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing