Barbury Castle Farm deserted Medieval village

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013415

Date first listed: 05-Jan-1990

Map

Ordnance survey map of Barbury Castle Farm deserted Medieval village
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2018 at 10:38:23.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Ogbourne St. Andrew

National Grid Reference: SU 15157 75813

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The village was a significant component of the rural landscape of Medieval England. Those which were deserted during the Middle Ages have consequently been undisturbed by later occupation and provide an important source of information on Medieval demography, subsistence and settlement patterns. The Barbury Castle Farm village is an exceptionally well-preserved example of its type and its unusual elevated downland situation makes it particularly rare and important. Its significance is enhanced by its proximity to Barbury Castle hillfort and Romano-British occupation deposits which provide evidence for the changing nature of land-use through time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the sites of a deserted Medieval village together with traces of Romano-British occupation. The Medieval village earthworks include well-preserved and extensive building platforms, hollow ways and associated enclosures and plots. The earthworks are sharply defined and survive up to 1.5m in height. Limited excavation and stray finds have shown that the village was occupied in the 12th and 13th centuries AD. Traces of earlier Romano-British settlement underlying the Medieval village have been located during excavation and from metal-detecting. These indicate the presence of occupation of the 3rd and 4th centuries AD in close proximity to the earthworks.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 11510

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Crawford, O G S, Keiller. A, , Wessex from the Air, (1928)
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957)
Other
Pattison, P., Excavations at Barbury Castle Farm 1983: Interim Report, Pagination 198

End of official listing