A stone hut circle on Longash Common lying 980m ESE of Merrivale Bridge


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013433

Date first listed: 27-Nov-1995


Ordnance survey map of A stone hut circle on Longash Common lying 980m ESE of Merrivale Bridge
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 55920 74729


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle on Longash Common lying 980m ESE of Merrivale Bridge survives well and together with a rich array of features to the west forms part of a particularly important archaeological landscape in which the three major periods of human activity on the Moor are represented.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


This monument includes an isolated stone hut circle situated on a gentle south west facing slope overlooking the valley of an unnamed tributary of the River Walkham. The building is composed of a stone and earth wall surrounding a circular internal area. The interior of the building measures 7m in diameter and the surrounding 1.4m wide wall stands up to 1m high. The doorway survives as a 0.65m wide, SSE facing gap in the hut wall and is lined on both sides by granite slabs.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24197

Legacy System: RSM


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE138, (1986)
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, (1994)

End of official listing