Bowl barrow 130m WSW of Andover Lodge: part of a round barrow cemetery in Barrow Field Clumps, Cholderton Park

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013632

Date first listed: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Feb-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 130m WSW of Andover Lodge: part of a round barrow cemetery in Barrow Field Clumps, Cholderton Park
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley (District Authority)

Parish: Amport

National Grid Reference: SU 24484 42272

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 130m WSW of the Andover Lodge in Barrow Field Clump is a well preserved example of its class. Although the ditch can no longer be seen as a surface feature, the barrow exhibits a largely original profile and will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age burial practices, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, part of a cemetery containing at least 12 round barrows which lie on level ground close to the Andover Lodge of Cholderton Park. The barrow has a mound 20m in diameter and 1.5m high with signs of surface disturbance on the north side. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. Although no longer visible on the surface, the ditch exists as a buried feature approximately 3m wide. Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26738

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing