Bowl barrow 800m north west of North Barn Farm on Houghton North Down

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013748

Date first listed: 12-Jul-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 14-Feb-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 800m north west of North Barn Farm on Houghton North Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: North Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Winterborne Houghton

National Grid Reference: ST 80983 05814

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been reduced in height by cultivation, the bowl barrow 800m north west of North Barn Farm on Houghton North Down will contain archaeological remains, providing information about Bronze Age burial practices, economy and environment. The 1863 excavation has provided insight into the construction of the barrow and the nature of the burials contained within it.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a bowl barrow 800m north west of North Barn Farm on Houghton North Down. The barrow mound is now visible as a slight rise. In 1959 Grinsell recorded a diameter for the mound of 15 paces (c.12m) which corresponds with a diameter of 38ft recorded in 1863 when the mound was 5ft high. Grinsell also recorded a ditch surrounding the mound and although this is no longer visible it will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide. The barrow was partly excavated in 1863 revealing, about 1ft down in the centre of the mound, five urns containing cremations protected by compactly laid flints. A sixth urn with a cremation, again protected by a layer of flint, was found at a higher level nearby. Above these the mound was composed of soil. The excavation trench is now just visible cutting across the centre of the mound. Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27357

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Mansel Pleydell, J C, 'Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Arch. Society' in The Barrows Of Dorset, , Vol. Vol 5, (1883), 32

End of official listing