Bowl barrow situated 500m SSW of Shepherds' Shore

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013756

Date first listed: 15-Dec-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow situated 500m SSW of Shepherds' Shore
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bishops Cannings

National Grid Reference: SU 04413 65749

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial monuments in the country. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and around 320 in the Avebury area. This group of monuments will provide important information on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods. All surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been reduced by cultivation, the bowl barrow 500m SSW of Shepherds' Shore survives as an earthwork and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated 500m SSW of Shepherds' Shore on North Down. The barrow has a mound which has been reduced by cultivation but survives as a spread of chalk and flint 34m north-south and 27m east-west. It stands up to 0.2m high. Originally, the mound is known to have measured c.30m in diameter and stood up to 1m high. Surrounding the original extent of the mound is a 2m wide quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This survives as a buried feature below the spread of mound material.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21883

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
SU 06 NW 009, R.C.H.M.(E), Round Barrow, (1982)
SU 06 NW 619, C.A.O., Round Barrow, (1983)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series Source Date: 1982 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: SU 06 NW

End of official listing