Two bowl barrows 380m south of Wenham Cottage: part of West Heath Common round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013768

Date first listed: 01-Nov-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 15-Dec-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 380m south of Wenham Cottage: part of West Heath Common round barrow cemetery
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: Harting

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 78951 22627

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows south of Wenham Cottage survive well as a pair of burial mounds within a wider cemetery. Such pairings help demonstrate the variations of layout within cemeteries.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows situated on a rise in the Greensand 4km north of the South Downs. Both barrows survive as earthworks, the northern of the two consisting of a mound 30m in diameter and 1.3m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years and is no longer visible, surviving as a buried feature c.3m wide. The southern barrow has a mound 23m in diameter and 0.7m high. Again the surrounding ditch is no longer visible but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The two barrows are 16m apart. They are all that survive of a once more extensive round barrow cemetery.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20046

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collection' in Sussex Barrows: Supplementary Paper, , Vol. 81, (1940), 214

End of official listing