Round barrow 1260m NNE of Baltic Farm, 75m south of Roman Road, forming part of a barrow cemetery situated on North Down
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1013774
Date first listed: 11-Jan-1996
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Feb-2019 at 05:55:09.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish: Bishops Cannings
National Grid Reference: SU 04764 67911
Reasons for Designation
A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual
monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age
(2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows -
rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries
developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in
some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period.
They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently
including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated
with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has
occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have
often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland
England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are
clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both
here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their
longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of
beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All
examples are considered worthy of protection.
Despite having been levelled by cultivation, the round barrow 1260m NNE of Baltic Farm is known from aerial photographs to survive below the present ground level and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the barrow cemetery and the landscape in which it was built.
The monument includes a round barrow which forms an outlier at the eastern end
of a barrow cemetery, situated on North Down. The cemetery contains 18
barrows in all. This is one of a number of cemeteries located on the Downs.
The barrow has been levelled by cultivation and is no longer visible at ground
level. It is however visible on aerial photographs from which it has been
established that the barrow mound originally measured c.26m across.
Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained
during its construction. This has been infilled over the years but survives as
a buried feature 2m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 21888
Legacy System: RSM
SU06NW 678, C.A.O., Undated Ring_Ditch, (1988)
Title: 1:10560 Series Source Date: 1960 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: SU 06 NW
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing