Bell barrow forming part of a round barrow cemetery 135m ENE of Baltic Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013776

Date first listed: 10-Nov-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Jan-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bell barrow forming part of a round barrow cemetery 135m ENE of Baltic Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bishops Cannings

National Grid Reference: SU 04591 66663

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bell barrow forming part of the Baltic Farm barrow cemetery is a well preserved example of its class. Part excavation of the barrow has demonstrated that archaeological remains will survive providing evidence for its construction and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bell barrow, forming part of a round barrow cemetery situated at Baltic Farm on North Down. The cemetery contains two bowl barrows and three bell barrows. This is one of a number of cemeteries situated in this area of downland. The barrow has a mound which originally measured c.13m in diameter and stood up to 2m high. This has spread across part of the c.2m wide berm which surrounded it so that the visible mound now measures c.20m in diameter and stands 1.5m high. The quarry ditch, from which material was obtained during the construction of the mound, is no longer visible at ground level but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. The barrow was partially excavated last century when a primary cremation burial was discovered near the centre of the mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21890

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire, (1957), 208
Wiltshire Arch. And Nat. History Society, , 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Report and discussion, , Vol. 6, (), 317-336
Other
Title: Ordnance Survey 6" Series Source Date: 1960 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing