Bowl barrow 810m NNE of Whatcombe House, forming part of the round barrow cemetery on the south western part of Black Down

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013845

Date first listed: 31-Oct-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Apr-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 810m NNE of Whatcombe House, forming part of the round barrow cemetery on the south western part of Black Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Kingston Russell

National Grid Reference: SY 57988 90481

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 810m NNE of Whatcombe House survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed. This bowl barrow is unusual in that it has the remains of a stone chamber or cap-stone visible on top of the mound.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a chalk ridge of the South Dorset Downs overlooking the Bride valley to the south and the South Winterbourne valley to the north. The barrow forms part of a cemetery containing twelve round barrows, of which ten survive; the cemetery appears to have developed around a pair of earlier long mounds situated on the south western part of Black Down. The barrow has a mound composed of earth, chalk and flint with a maximum diameter of 21m and a maximum height of c.1.2m. The mound is surmounted by a large block of conglomerate stone, with dimensions of 2.2m by 1m and a maximum height of c.0.5m. This stone may relate to an inner stone chamber within the barrow. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22983

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Dorset: Volume 1 , (1952), 128

End of official listing