Two bowl barrows 200m south of Laundry Bungalows

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013979

Date first listed: 13-Mar-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 200m south of Laundry Bungalows
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley (District Authority)

Parish: Amport

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley (District Authority)

Parish: Quarley

National Grid Reference: SU 23505 41855

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The most westerly of the two bowl barrows 200m south of Laundry Bungalows is a well preserved example of its class. Although the ditch can no longer be seen as a surface feature, the barrow exhibits a largely original profile and will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age burial practices, economy and environment. Despite truncation of the mound, the less well preserved example will still contain significant archaeological remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows, aligned broadly east-west, the most easterly of a small linear group of barrows which lie on a gentle south facing slope to the south of Cholderton Park. The best preserved, most westerly of the two barrows has a mound 20m in diameter and 1.5m high. Surrounding this, and surviving as a buried feature c.2m wide, is the barrow ditch from which material to construct the mound was quarried. To the east of this lie the remains of a second bowl barrow, the mound of which has been truncated and is now oval, measuring 13m (east-west) by 8m and 1.5m high. This mound will also be surrounded by a ditch c.2m wide. Excluded from the scheduling is the metalled surface of the road, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26743

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing