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Four bowl barrows forming part of a cemetery 270m east of long barrow on Roughridge Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Four bowl barrows forming part of a cemetery 270m east of long barrow on Roughridge Hill

List entry Number: 1014027

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Bishops Cannings

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Nov-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Jan-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21893

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All examples are considered worthy of protection.

This group of barrows, forming part of a round barrow cemetery, has been shown from part excavation to contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes four bowl barrows, forming part of a cemetery situated 270m east of the long barrow on Roughridge Hill. The barrows all lie less than 90m north of Wansdyke on a level ridge. The cemetery contains a total of five bowl barrows and is one of a number of cemeteries located on the Downs. The fifth barrow, to the south, is the subject of a separate scheduling. All four bowl barrows have been reduced by cultivation but remain visible at ground level as low mounds measuring from 10m to 14m in diameter and standing up to 0.2m high. Originally they were all surrounded by quarry ditches from which material was obtained during their construction. These have become infilled over the years due to cultivation, but survive as buried features about 2m wide. They are clearly visible on aerial photographs. Three of the four barrows were partly excavated in the early 1800s, when a cremation was found buried near the centre of each mound. The fourth barrow, located second from the south, was partly excavated in the late 1850s when the cremated remains of a young woman were recorded as having been found.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'A History Of Wiltshire' in Bishops Cannings 59, , Vol. 1, 1, (1957), 158
Grinsell, L V, 'A History Of Wiltshire' in Bishops Cannings 58, , Vol. 1,1, (1957), 158
Grinsell, LV, 'A History of Wiltshire' in A History of Wiltshire, , Vol. 1,1, (1957), 158
Grinsell, L V, 'A History Of Wiltshire' in Bishops Cannings 56, , Vol. 1, 1, (1957), 158
Other
SU 06 NE 005 B, R.C.H.M.(E), Bishops Canning 58, (1973)
SU 06 NE 005 C, R.C.H.M.(E), Bishops Cannings 57, (1973)
SU 06 NE 005 D ref 1, R.C.H.M.(E), Bishops Cannings 56, (1973)
SU 06 NE 005 D ref 2, R.C.H.M.(E), Bishops Cannings 56, (1973)
SU 06 NE 005 E, R.C.H.M. (E), Bishops Cannings 59, (1973)
SU06NE 705 (ref: MEYRICK, O.), C.A.O., Bowl barrow excavated by Cunnington, (1973)
SU06NE 705, C.A.O., Bowl barrow excavated by Cunnington, (1973)
SU06NE 706, C.A.O., Bowl barrow excavated by Thurnham, (1973)
SU06NE 707, C.A.O., Bowl barrow excavated by Cunnington, (1973)

National Grid Reference: SU 05739 65856

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014027 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 11:22:26.

End of official listing