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Linear round barrow cemetery 200m ENE of West Kennett long barrow

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Linear round barrow cemetery 200m ENE of West Kennett long barrow

List entry Number: 1014034

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Avebury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-May-1996

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28101

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All examples are considered worthy of protection.

The five plough-levelled barrows forming the cemetery ENE of West Kennet long barrow are clearly visible on aerial photographs and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a linear round barrow cemetery situated 200m ENE of West Kennet long barrow. The cemetery is aligned east-west along the ridge and overlooks the valley of the River Kennet, to the north. The cemetery contains five closely spaced barrows, all of which have been levelled by cultivation. It is one of a number of Bronze Age round barrow cemeteries situated on the Downs south of Avebury. All five barrow mounds have been levelled by cultivation and are no longer visible at ground level. However, all five are clearly visible on aerial photographs and are known to measure from 15m to 23m in diameter. Surrounding the original extent of the mounds are quarry ditches from which material was obtained during their construction. These have become infilled over the years but survive as buried features between 2m and 5m wide. The three larger barrows lie at the centre of the line with a smaller barrow at either end. It is known that the smaller barrow at the western end of the group was still visible as a 0.3m high earthwork in 1957. The barrows were the subject of a survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England in 1992.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
East Kennett - West Kennett 1:2500, R.C.H.M.(E), Archaeological evidence from aerial photographs, (1992)
East Kennett - West Kennett 1:2500, R.C.H.M.(E), Archaeological evidence from aerial photographs, (1992)
East Kennett - West Kennett 1:2500, R.C.H.M.(E), Archaeological evidence from aerial photographs, (1992)
East Kennett - West Kennett 1:2500, R.C.H.M.(E), Archaeological evidence from aerial photographs, (1992)
SU 16 NW 046, R.C.H.M.(E), A very small low barrow, (1974)

National Grid Reference: SU 10765 67827

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014034 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 08:18:40.

End of official listing