Bowl barrow 460m south of Milton Cross

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014103

Date first listed: 22-Mar-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 460m south of Milton Cross
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Pembridge

National Grid Reference: SO 38271 60133

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow south of Milton Cross is a well preserved example of this class of monument. The barrow mound will retain evidence for its method of construction and any phases of refurbishment, as well as for the burial or burials within it. This will contribute to our understanding of the technology, social organisation, and beliefs of its builders. The accumulated ditch fills will contain environmental evidence for activity at the barrow and land use around it, during its construction and subsequent use. The buried ground surface beneath the mound itself will similarly preserve environmental evidence for the prehistoric landscape in which it was constructed. The close relationship of the barrow with the two neighbouring examples enhances interest in the individual monuments, and in the group as a focus of burial activity which may have continued over a prolonged period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a bowl barrow, situated on a level floodplain north of the River Arrow. The land was once seasonally flooded and subsequently divided by a series of drains, many of which have now been filled in. The barrow is the most westerly in a line of three, extending WSW-ENE. A section of Rowe Ditch stretches north-south across the valley for c.800m, passing 250m west of the remains of this barrow (the ditch is the subject of a separate scheduling). The barrow 460m south of Milton Cross includes an earthen mound of circular form, c.32m diameter and 1.2m high. Air photographs taken in 1959 indicate a ditch around the southern half of the mound, from which material for its construction would have been quarried. No surface evidence for this feature is now visible. There is a field boundary immediately to the south west of the barrow beyond which the ground surface has been ploughed flat and is 0.5m lower than its neighbour. Before the advent of ploughing and the construction of nearby drains and field boundaries, the three monuments would have formed a clearly visible alignment across the flat valley floor. The other two barrows are the subject of separate schedulings (SM27505, SM27506).

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27490

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing