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Bowl barrow 490m south east of Milton Cross

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 490m south east of Milton Cross

List entry Number: 1014112

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: County of Herefordshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Pembridge

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Mar-1996

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27505

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 490m south east of Milton Cross is a well preserved example of this class of monument. The barrow mound will retain evidence for its method and phases of construction and for the burial or burials within, enhancing our understanding of the technology, social organisation, and beliefs of its builders. The accumulated ditch fills will contain environmental evidence of activity at and around the barrow, during its initial construction and subsequent periods, including any reuse or refurbishment. The buried ground surface beneath the mound itself will similarly preserve environmental evidence for the prehistoric landscape in it was constructed. The close relationship of the monument with the two neighbouring barrows enhances interest in the individual monuments, and in the group as a focus of burial activity which may have continued over a prolonged period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a bowl barrow, situated on a level floodplain north of the River Arrow. The land was seasonally flooded and subsesquently divided by a series of drains, many of which have now been filled in. The barrow is in the middle of a line of three similar examples, extending WSW-ENE. A section of Rowe Ditch stretches north- south across the valley for c.800m, passing 250m west of the most westerly of the group. The remains of this middle barrow include an earthen mound, circular in form, and c.24m in diameter by c.0.7m high. Material for the construction of this mound will have been obtained from a surrounding ditch which is now completely infilled. Before the advent of ploughing and the construction of the nearby drains and field boundaries, the three monuments would have formed a clearly visible alignment across the flat valley floor. The other two barrows are the subject of separate schedulings (SM27490, SM27506), as is the Rowe Ditch.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Watson, M D, 'Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Historical Soc' in Ring-Ditches of the Upper Severn Valley, , Vol. 67, (1991), 9-14
Other
H&W SMR Officer, (1994)

National Grid Reference: SO 38507 60204

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014112 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 05:51:18.

End of official listing