Cross base on Green Lane 300m north of Strickland House Farm, Standish


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014118

Date first listed: 01-Jul-1996


Ordnance survey map of Cross base on Green Lane 300m north of Strickland House Farm, Standish
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wigan (Metropolitan Authority)

National Grid Reference: SD 56277 09619

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The cross on Green Lane survives well in its original position to the west of the road in spite of the loss of the shaft and head. It is one of a group of four medieval crosses intended as waymarkers on the route between Wigan and Chorley. These crosses provide important evidence of the medieval route and serve to remind us of medieval travellers and the importance of religion in medieval life.


The monument includes a cross base built into a slight hedge bank on the west side of Green Lane, 300m north of Strickland House Farm. It is one of four crosses which functioned as waymarkers on the medieval route from Wigan north to Chorley. The base, which is Listed Grade II, is cut from a single block of local gritstone and measures 0.82m by 0.69m with the wider face to the east. It stands 0.44m high and tapers slightly towards the top. The socket hole is 0.34m by 0.32m and 0.35m deep. The surface of the road to the east is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 1 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25718

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Margery, I D, Roman Roads in Britain, (1957), 100

End of official listing